BlogSaint Peter’s Basilica and surroundings
1. The Dome It is the tallest dome in the world, the dome of St. Peter’s rises to a total height of 136.57 metres (448.1 ft) from the floor of the basilica to the top of the external cross.
2. The square At the centre of the square is an ancient Egyptian obelisk, erected at the current site in 1586. Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed the square almost 100 years later, including the massive Tuscan colonnades, four columns deep, which embrace visitors in “the maternal arms of Mother Church”. A granite fountain constructed by Bernini in 1675 matches another fountain designed by Carlo Maderno in 1613.read more
The Holy Door is the sealed door of a basilica that is opened during Holy Years, more commonly known as Jubilee years. It symbolizes the journey towards conversion and consolidates the mediation of the Church in the salvation of the faithful. It is founded upon the words of Jesus, who spoke of himself: “I am the gate: Whoever enters through me will be saved.” (John’s Gospel).read more
Obelisks: what is there to know about them? The obelisk is a memorial monument from ancient Egypt: made in stone, it symbolizes a ray of sunshine; in Italian we use the ancient Greek word obelìskos or “needle”. The oldest obelisks date back to 2,000 B.C.,...read more
Welcome The Square Atrium, door of the Sacraments and Holy Door “La Pietà” of Michelangelo Monuments to Pope Leo XII and Christina of Sweden Chapel of St. Sebastian and tomb of Pope John Paul II Mathilde of Canossa Chapel of the Most Holy Sacrament Altar of St. Jerome...read more
Easter is the most important Christian festival, being the one with the highest degree of solemnity. It celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ, which happened on the third day after his crucifixion. The date Easter falls upon, unlike that of Christmas for...read more
Saint Peter’s Basilica hosts an extremely large number of works of art, therefore we shall concentrate on a limited number of artworks. We shall omit, on this occasion, the works that are found in the two inferior levels: the Grottoes and the Necropolis. We have...read more